D&H: Abbreviation for Dangerous and Hazardous cargo.
Dangerous Goods: The term used by I.M.C.O. for hazardous
Deadhead: One leg of a move with either a bobtail tractor
alone or a tractor pulling an empty container.
Deadweight Cargo: A long ton of cargo that can be stowed
in less than 70 cubic feet.
Deadweight Tonnage (D/W): The number of tons of 2,240 lbs
that a vessel can transport of cargo, stores and bunker fuel. It
is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel displaces
“light” and the number of tons it displaces when submerged
to the “load line.”
Declared Value for Carriage: The value of the goods, declared
by the shipper on a bill of lading for the purpose of determining
a freight rate or the limit of the carrier's liability.
Deconsolidation Point: Place where loose or other non-containerized
cargo is ungrouped for delivery.
Deficit Weight: Weight by which a shipment is less than
the minimum weight.
Delivery: The transfer of property/goods from consignor
to carrier, one carrier to another, or carrier to consignee.
Delivery Instructions: Order to pick-up goods at an in-transit
(temporary) terminal and deliver to a pier. Usually issued by an
exporter to trucker but may apply to a railroad, which completes
delivery by land. Use is limited to a few major US ports.
Demurrage: US/Domestic Transportation: A penalty charge
against shippers or consignees for delaying the carrier’s
equipment beyond the allowed free time provision of the tariff at
the rail ramp; International Transportation: A storage charge to
shipper s which starts accruing after a container is discharged
from a vessel. The charge varies according to rules of the appropriate
Density: The weight of freight per cubic foot or other
Depot, Container: Container freight station or a designated
area where empty containers can be picked up or dropped off.
Destination: Area where carrier physically turns over cargo
to consignee or agent.
Destination Delivery Charge (DDC): A charge based on container
size, that is applied in many tariffs to cargo. This charge is considered
accessorial and is added to the base ocean freight. It covers crane
lifts off the vessel, drayage of the container within the terminal
and gate fees at the terminal operation.
Detention: A penalty charge against shippers or receivers
for delaying carrier's equipment beyond allowed time.
Devanning: The removal of freight.
Differential: An amount added or deducted from base rate
to make a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
Displacement: The weight, in tons of 2,240 pounds, of th
e vessel and its weight contents. Calculated by dividing the volume
of water displaced in cubic feet by 35, the average density of sea
Distributor: A person or firm performing a service of distribution
on pool cars or consolidated shipments at destination.
Diversion: A change made in the route of a shipment in transit
Division: Carriers’ practice of dividing revenue received
through rates where joint hauls are involved. This is usually according
to agreed formulas.
Dock: For Ships: A cargo handling area parallel to th e
shoreline; For Land Transportation: A pier or wharf used as a loading
or unloading platform at an industrial site or carrier terminal.
Dock Receipt (D/R): A document issued by an exporter (or
freight forwarder on exporter's behalf) which includes shipment
description, physical details and shipping information. Used by
both shipper and carrier to verify shipment particulars, condition,
and delivery to carrier. Signed by receiving clerk on behalf of
Docket: Present a rate proposal to a conference meeting
for adoption as a conference group rate.
Doing Business As (D.B.A.): A legal term for conducting
business under a registered name.
Dolly: A set of wheels that support the front of a container
and used when the automotive unit is disconnected.
Door-to-Door: Through transportation of a container and
its contents or cargo from consignor to consignee. Also known as
House to House. Not necessarily a through rate.
D.O.T.: Department of Transportation.
Draft: The number of feet that the hull of a ship is beneath
the surface of the water. An unconditional order in writing, addressed
by one party (drawer) to another party (drawee), requiring the drawee
to pay at a fixed or determinable future date, a specified sum in
lawful currency to the order of a specified person.
Draft, Clean: A draft to which no documents are attached.
Draft, Date: A draft that matures on a fixed date, regardless
of the time of acceptance.
Draft, Discounted: A time draft under a letter of credit
that has been accepted and purchased by a bank at discount.
Draft, Sight: A draft payable on demand upon presentation.
Draft, Time: A draft that matures at a fixed or determinable
time after presentation or acceptance.
Drawback: A partial refund of an import fee.
Drawee: The individual or firm that issues a draft and
thus stands to receive payment.
Dray: A truck or other equipment designed to haul heavy
Drayage: Charge made for local hauling by dray or truck.
Dry cargo: Cargo that does not require temperature control.
Dry-Bulk Container: A container constructed to carry grain,
powder and other free-flowing solids in bulk. Used in conjunction
with a tilt chassis or platform.
Dry Freight: Dry cargoes that does not require controlled
Dumping: Attempt to import merchandise into a country at
a price less that the fair market value, usually by subsidy by exporting
Duty: A tax imposed by a government on merchandise imported
from one country to another. There are several types of duty, including:
a) Ad valorem duty ("According to the value."): An assessment based
on the actual value of an article. b) Specific duty: An assessment
based on the weight or quantity of an article without reference
to its monetary value or market price.
Duty Drawback: A refund of duty paid on imported merchandise
when it later is exported.