Edge Protector: An angle piece fitting over the edge of boxes,
crates, bundles and other packages to prevent the pressure from
metal bands or other types from cutting into the package.
Electronic Data Interface (EDI): Generic term for transmission
of transactional data between computer systems. EDI is typically
via a batched transmission, usually conforming to consistent standards.
EDIFACT: International data interchange standards sponsored
by the United Nations.
Elevating: A charge for services performed in connection with
Elkins Act: An act of US Congress (1903) prohibiting rebates,
concession, misbilling, etc. and providing specific penalties for
Embargo: Order to restrict the hauling of freight.
Empty Repositioning: The move of empty containers by truck or
rail to meet service needs elsewhere.
Empty slot: An available loading position on a stack car created
when a container is not loaded to an available position. Also known
as a vacant slot.
Entry Summary: A document issued by a customs broker on behalf
of an importer. Customs Form 7501 specifies all shipment particulars
that allow U.S. Customs to assess and collect import duties. Highly
standardized to allow computer processing. Includes Harmonized Code
number, broker identification number, and auxiliary fees. Broker
figures all assessments, then submits form with supporting documents
and payment. Customs later either accepts or modifies payment.
Equalization: A monetary allowance to the customer for picking
up or delivering at a point other than the destination shown on
the bill of lading. This provision is covered by tariff publication.
Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR): See Trailer Interchange
ETA: Estimated time of availability. That time when a tractor/partner
carrier is available for dispatch.
Ethylene: A gas produced by many fruits and vegetables that
accelerates the ripening and aging process.
Exchange Rate: The price of one currency in terms of another;
i.e., the number of units of one currency that may be exchanged
for one unit of another currency.
Ex Dec: Shipper's Export Declaration
Ex - From: When used in pricing terms such as "Ex-Factory" or
"Ex-Dock", it signifies that the price quoted applies only at the
point of origin indicated.
Exception: Notations made when the cargo is received at the
carrier's terminal or loaded aboard a vessel. They show any irregularities
in packaging or actual or suspected damage to the cargo. Exceptions
are then noted on the bill of lading.
EXIM Bank (Export Import Bank): An independent US Government
Agency which facilitates exports of US goods by providing loan guarantees
and insurance for repayment of bank-provided export credit.
Expiry Date: Issued in connection with documents such as letters
of credit, tariffs, etc. to advise that stated provisions will expire
at a certain time.
Export: Shipment of goods outside one's own country to a foreign
Export Broker: An individual or firm that joins together buyers
and sellers for a fee but does not take part in actual sales transactions.
Export Declaration: A government document permitting designated
goods to be shipped out of the country.
Export License: A government document which permits the "License"
to engage in the export of designated goods to certain destinations.
Export-Management Company: A private firm that serves as the
export department for several manufacturers, soliciting and transacting
export business on behalf of its clients in return for a commission,
salary, or retainer plus commission.
Export Rate: A rate published on traffic moving from an interior
point to a port for transshipment to a foreign country.
Export Trading Company: A firm that buys domestic products for
sale overseas. A trading company takes title to the goods; an export-management
company usually does not.