Hague Rules, The: A multilateral maritime treaty adopted
1921 at the Hague, Netherlands. Standardizes liability of an international
carrier under the Ocean Bill of Lading. Establishes a legal "floor"
for the bill of lading.
Harbor Master: An officer who attends to the berthing, etc.
of ships in a harbor and related duties.
Hard-Top Container: A closed container fitted with a roof that
can be opened or lifted off.
Harmonized System of Codes (HS): An international goods classification
system for describing cargo in international trade under a single
commodity coding scheme. Developed under the auspices of the Customs
Cooperations Council (CCC), an international Customs organization
in Brussels, this code is a hierarchically structured product nomenclature
containing approximately 5,000 headings and subheadings. It is organized
into 99 chapters arranged into 22 sections. Sections encompass an
industry; chapters encompass the various materials and products
of the industry. The basic code contains 44 headings and 6 digit
subheadings. Many countries add digits for Customs tariff and statistical
purposes. In the US, duty rates will be 8 digit level; statistical
suffixes will be at the 10 digit level. The Harmonized System (HS)
is the current US tariff schedule (TSUSA) for imports and is the
basis for the 10 digit Schedule B export code.
Hatch: The opening in the deck of a vessel. It gives access
to the cargo hold.
HAZ MAT: Abbreviation for hazardous material.
Heavy-Lift Charge: A charge made for lifting articles that are
too heavy for a ship's tackle.
High Cube: Any container which exceeds 8 feet 6 inches (102
inches) in height.
Hitchment: The marrying of two or more portions of one shipment
that originate at different locations, moving under one bill of
lading, from one shipper to one consignee. Authority for this service
must be granted by tariff publication.
Humping: The process of connecting a moving rail car with a
motionless rail car within a rail classification yard in order to
make up a train. The cars move by gravity from an incline or "hump"
onto the appropriate track.