Packing List: Itemized list of commodities with marks/numbers
but no cost values indicated.
Paired Ports: A US Customs program wherein at least two designated
Customs ports will enter cargo that arrives at either port without
the necessity of an inbound document.
Pallet: A platform (usually two-deck), with or without sides,
on which a number of packages or pieces may be loaded to facilitate
handling by a lift truck.
Paper Ramp: A technical rail ramp, used for equalization of
points not actually served.
Paper Rate: A published that is never assessed because no freight
moves under it.
Parcel Receipt: An arrangement whereby a steamship company,
under rules and regulations established in the freight tariff of
a given trade, accepts small packages at rates below the minimum
bill of lading, and issues a parcel receipt instead of a bill of
Payee: A party named in an instrument as the beneficiary of
the funds. Under letters of credit, the payee is either the drawer
of the draft or a bank.
Payer: A party responsible for the payment as evidenced by the
given instrument. Under letters of credit, the payer is the party
on whom the draft is drawn, usually the drawee bank.
Per diem: A charge made by one transportation line against another
for the use of its equipment. The charge is based on a fixed rate
Perishable Cargo: Cargo subject to decay or deterioration. Phytosanitary
Inspection Certificate: A certificate issued by the US department
of Agriculture to satisfy import regulations of foreign countries;
indicates that a US shipment has been inspected and found free from
harmful pests and plant diseases.
Pick-up: The act of calling for freight by truck at the consignor's
Pier: The structure to which a vessel is secured for the purpose
of loading and unloading cargo.
Pier-to-House: A shipment loaded into a container at the pier
or terminal, then to the consignee's facility.
Pier-to-Pier: Containers loaded at port of loading and discharged
at port of destination.
Piggy Packer: A mobile container handling crane used to load/unload
containers to/from railcars.
Piggyback: A transportation agreement in which truck trailers
with their loads are moved by train to a destination. Also know
as Rail Pegs.
Place of Delivery: Place where cargo leaves the care and custody
of the carrier.
Place of Receipt: Location where cargo enters the care and custody
Plimsoll Mark: A series of horizontal lines painted on the outside
of a ship marking the level which must remain above the surface
of the water for the vessel s stability.
Point of Origin: The station at which a shipment is received
by a carrier from the shipper.
Pool: A common supply of containers available to the shippers.
Port: A harbor with piers or docks. Left side of a ship when
facing forward. Opening in a ship s side for handling freight.
Port of Call: Port where a ship discharges or receives traffic.
Port of Entry: Port where cargo is unloaded and enters a country.
Port of Exit: Place where cargo loaded and leaves a country.
Port of Loading: Port where cargo is transferred from one vessel
Pratique Certificate: Lifts temporary quarantine of a vessel,
granted by a Health Officer.
Pre-cooling: A process employed in the shipment of citrus fruits
and other perishable commodities. The fruit is packed and placed
in a cold room from which the heat is gradually extracted. The boxes
of fruit are packed in containers that have been thoroughly cooled
and transported through to destination without opening the doors.
Prepaid Freight (Pgd.): Freight paid by the shipper to the carrier
when merchandise is tendered for shipment. Not refundable if the
merchandise does not arrive at the intended destination.
Pro forma Invoice: An invoice provided by a supplier prior to
the shipment of merchandise, informing the buyer of the kinds and
quantities of goods to be sent, their value and specifications (weight,
Pro Rata: A Latin term, "In proportion."
Project Rate: Single tariff item, established to move multiple
commodities needed for a specified project, usually construction.
Pulp Temperature: Procedure where carrier tests the temperature
of the internal flesh of refrigerated commodities to assure that
the temperature at time of shipment conforms to prescribed temperature
Pup: A short semi-trailer used jointly with a dolly and another
semi-trailer to create a twin trailer.